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The history of Bishkek city
Published: 11 february 2016

When you are flying to Bishkek you can notice that airport code is FRU. Nor Bishkek nor Manas airport don’t have even these letters. Why? The answer to this question we can find in local history. Bishkek wasn’t always Bishkek. At first the city called Pishkek (during Kokand Khanate reign) but in 1926 was called Frunze after the Red Army General Mikhail Vasilievich Frunze. Mysteries about the city name “Bishkek” But later, in 1991 the city was named to Bishkek. There’re a lot of legends about the origins of this name. Local people tell that “bishkek” is a wooden stick used to stir the national drink Kumys (fermented mare’s milk). The legend tells that one woman forgot her "bishkek" when her crew packed up and moved from their camp by the Alamedin river. As soon as she realized - people went back to search for it - but they coul...

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Kyrgyz music
Published: 14 april 2015

Music plays an important part in traditional Kyrgyz society. There’re working songs, lullabies, love songs, ballads, celebratory and ritual music. Music conjured up a wide range of images, from heroics with dramatic (epic) effects to the beauty of natural scenery and various domestic themes.  Musical instruments Traditionally the nomadic Kyrgyz’ musical instruments were simple. They were made from materials readily available and easy to transport. The main instruments of Kyrgyz are komuz and the temir komuz. Komuz is a three stringed instrument similar to a guitar, ukulele and mandolin.  But there’re a lot of other instruments as the kyl kyyak (stringed instrument, a small violincello-like instrument), jygach ooz lomuz (reed instrument, made from wood), surnai sybyzgy (wind instrument), kerney (brass instrument) and others. Many of these instruments have retai...

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Legend of Jety-Oguz Gorge.
Published: 23 november 2014

None of the sculptors can do such a beautiful creations as the nature. There are many interesting places in the world which were created by nature. One of these unique and beautiful phenomenons is a picturesque gorge Jety-Oguz inKyrgyzstan, known for its sad, but at the same time beautiful legends.  When entering the gorge, you will see an unusual rock, resembling the shape of a broken heart. The middle part of the mountain is covered with red clay. Looking at this landscape, there is an impression that it bleeds somebody’s heart and you begin to think what made heart to turn into the stone forever.  There are several legends associated with this unusual natural phenomenon. One of them says about beautiful girl, whose cold heart could gain no one. Once, two best friends came to propose to her. But it happened that girl fell in love both of them. According to the custom, b...

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Saymaly Tash gorge
Published: 11 september 2014

Saymaly Tash gorge means “embroidered ornamental stone” is located high in the mountains of the Fergana ridge, at an altitude of 3000 meters above sea level. It is better to visit the gorge once a year, as the rest of the year is under the snow.There are many petroglyphs in this beautiful and interesting place. Having visited Saymaly Tash gorge, you have a unique opportunity to see many images of animals of different species. This is numerous scenes of hunting goats, deer and other animals, many pictures with scenes of ritual dances or ceremonies, as well as images of mountain goats and argali. But the most favorite image was the image of a goat.Great interest is attracted by images of bulls: a powerful body, small head and long horns. Images of deer are made in different styles and techniques, as drawings were presented in different eras. They can be often seen alone: long l...

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Sary-Chelek Reserve
Published: 06 july 2014

Sary-Chelek Reserve is located on Chatkalsky and At- Oynoksky ridges in Jalal-Abad region, was founded in 1960. The territory of the reserve is 23,868 hectares. Length from north to south is about 25 km, width 15 km.  There are about 1,000 species of higher plants, 38 species of mammals, 148 species of birds, etc. in the reserve. These are: lynx, Siberian ibex, badger, deer, marmot, porcupine. A particular interest among the tourists is arisen by walnut and walnut-fruit forests, the area of which is one and a half hectares. There is also an area for livestock gazing in the reserve.  Sary Chelek is the district of seven largest and most beautiful lakes. Deep, with clear water, Sary-Chelek Lake is beautiful at any time. The average annual temperature in the reserve is 7,2 ° C, most precipitation falls mainly in April, May and June. The highest point of the reserve is Mustor M...

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Shah-Fazil Mausoleum
Published: 30 june 2014

  The construction of Shah-Fazil Mausoleum supposedly refers to the XI-XII centuries. This major historical and architectural complex of Central Asian combines monuments of different eras. The mausoleum is located in the Jalal-Abad region in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. The complex includes a monument of nature - the sacred mountain Archa-Mazar and the monument of the Bronze Age XVIII-XIX centuries. Later, the complex included Alamberdar mausoleum of XIX century, holy hermit cave, Shah-Fazil mausoleum and Safid-Bulent mausoleum. A characteristic feature of these sites is the combination of austerity and luxury decoration, presented in the form of carvings of blue, yellow and red colors.   It is a square building, height of which 11 metres. The interior of the mausoleum is decorated with ganch carvings. The legend says that there was an attack on defenseless people, in which...

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National holidays of Kyrgyzstan
Published: 23 june 2014

In all Muslim countries, also in Kyrgyzstan, Nooruz is celebrated on March 21, the day of the vernal equinox. This day the Kyrgyz people lay the cloth with various dishes. The main traditional dish is sumalyak, as it is prepared specially for this holiday. The preparation of the dish is accompanied by chanting and dancing. This day people hold festivities, visit their friends and relatives in order to honor the older members of family.The date of Orozo Ait (Id al-Fitr) is appointed by the lunar Islamic calendar. Id al-Fitr means the completion of fasting month of Ramadan. During this month, all Muslims keep a fast, it is nit allowed to take food and water before sunset. The holiday is celebrated after the end of the holy month. The day begins with a morning prayer. Orozo Ait is one of the main Islamic holidays.Kurman Ait or Id al-Adkha is the feast of Sacrifice. There is a legend, once o...

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Pobeda Peak
Published: 20 may 2014

  Pobeda Peak is the highest point of Tien-Shan Mountains (7493m), located on the border of Kyrgyzstan, east of Isyyk-Kul lake. It includes in the system of Koshkaal-Too ridge in Kyrgyzstan. Pobeda Peak is among seventhousanders of Kyrgyzstan, where there are also Lenin and Khan-Tengri peaks.   In 1985 the Swede Sven Hedin was the first European man who discovered and measured its height -7320m. There are three peaks on the north side of the ridge: Victory Peak, Pobeda Peak and West Peak Nehru. Pobeda Peak is determined from 5 to the most difficult degree. The climbing on its top is considered one of the most difficult and dangerous, depending on the choice of the route. One of the most popular routes to the peak of Victory is considered the way through the northern ridge of Vaja Pshavela Peak. Its length is equal to ten kilometers. It connects to Nehru Top (6740m) on the west ...

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Chingiz Aitmatov
Published: 19 may 2014

  Aitmatov Chingiz Torekulovich is Kyrgyz writer, Hero of the Kyrgyz Republic, the Winner of the Lenin and three State Prizes of the USSR. The outstanding writer was born in December 12, 1928 in the family of a teacher and a party worker. His grandmother exerted a great influence on the work of the great writer. Here he spent all summer months, took part in the nomadic festivities, listening folk songs and tales.   In 1948 Aitmatov graduated from the veterinary college, in 1953 – Agricultural Institute. This time his first works appeared in local magazines and newspapers. In 1956 he entered in the higher literature courses in Moscow; in 1958 he published his novel “Jamila”. Next year the work was translated in French language by famous writer Louis Aragon. So, international fame came to the great writer. The main theme of Chingiz Aitmatov works is the fate of ...

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Khan-Tengri Peak
Published: 19 may 2014

  The beautiful pyramid of Khan Tengri is without doubt the Jewel of theTien Shan. It is the second highest mountain in this most northerly and remote of the great Asian mountain ranges. Among the local people, the white peaks are known as 'The Mountains of Heaven'.   Khan Tengri was first climbed by a Soviet expedition in 1931, via theWest Coland West Ridge. Since then, most of its ridges and faces have been climbed - all by Soviet teams.   The West Ridge of Khan Tengri is a classic route that presents a reasonable objective for competent mountaineers. The ridge rises from theWest Col, which is very enjoyable, straightforward 'scrambling' for the most part, with steep rocky steps linked with snow patches.   There are only a couple of sections which require more care; such as the vertical rock step of about 50ft at 6,800m and the knife above. In terms of equipment nee...

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Karakol George
Published: 23 april 2014

   One of the beautiful and picturesque places of Issyk-Kul Lake is Karakol George. Its rich and diverse nature, the finest spruce forests, numerous lakes and magnificent waterfalls, scenic hillsides attract hundreds of tourists. The gorge is located just 9 km from Karakol town. Here you can see the mountain flowers such as buckthorn, barberry and rosehips. When warm weather comes, the meadows are covered with beautiful carpets of tulips, snowdrops, edelweiss, asters. There is a holiday camp on the territory of the George. The most popular of them are Karakol peak and Dzhigit peak. You can also see different animals: deer, bears, snow leopards, wolves, wild boar, lynx and mountain goats, as well as birds of prey - vultures, eagles. There is a ski resort at the right tributary of Kashka-Suu River- a popular place for tourists and winter sports enthusiasts, as well as the go...

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Jety- Oguz George
Published: 26 march 2014

Jety- Oguz(from Kyrgyz means («valley of the seven bulls») – picturesque mountain valley in Kyrgyzstan, located in 28 km Korakol town, along the southern shore Issyk-Kul. There is a resort Jety-Oguz in the highland at an altitude of 2200m, which has been famous for its healing springs since ancient times. There are many scenic spots, such as rock ensembles “Seven bulls” and “Broken Heart”, near which lovers are often taken a photo. Because of red rocks at the entrance to the gorge, the valley was named "Seven Bulls". You will be admired the beauty of the valley Kok Dzhaiyk, covered by Tien Shan firs, which creates a beautiful color combination, that attracts tourists so much. There are yurt camps; you can also take horse-riding excursion to nearby mountain valleys. Lakes and waterfalls are met in the upper reaches of the river Jety-Oguz. There is...

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Manas
Published: 20 january 2014

  Manas is Kyrgyz epos and the name of main hero, uniting the Kirghiz people. It is the longest epic in the world. Unlike other epics, the Kyrgyz epic "Manas" tells not one hero but eight generations of one family. "Manas" was named in honor of Kyrgyz hero and khan named Manas. Epic was written in 9-10 centuries, its first lines appeared in 1856. According to legend, "Manas" was created not by poets but God. Waking up, artists of "Manas" had the ability to learn a million lines of verse.   Manas is famous hero of the Kyrgyz people, the embodiment of strength, courage and wisdom. Epic is said about representatives of eight generations of Manas family, headed by the Kyrgyz people in the fight for their freedom and happiness. "Manas" consists of 8 parts, narrating about a generation of heroes. Characteristic features of “Manas” are images of heroes and epic pictures. I...

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Chatyr-Kul Lake
Published: 12 december 2013

  Chatyr-Kul Lake (from kyrgyz means «Divine lake») is a closed and the most largest of the lakes in central Tian-Shan in Kyrgyzstan. The maximum summer temperature is +24 ° C and the minimum temperature in winter is -50 °. The climate is continental. The length of the lake is 23 kilometre, width is 11 kilometre and the average volume of water is 8,5 kilometre. The water is clean and transparent. The shores are marshy in the south-eastern side but in the north side the shores are high, because the rocks are almost come close to the water.   The total area of the lake is 500 square kilometre, its depth is 20 metre. It is located at an altitude of 3500 meters above sea level. In the surroundings of the picturesque lake you can see animals: mountain goats, snow leopards, marmots. There are many birds in summer: wild geese and ducks. As the climate is continenta...

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Natural National Park Ala-Archa
Published: 29 november 2013

Ala-Archa is Natural National Park in Kyrgyzstan, from Kirgiz it means Ala – mottled and Archa – juniper. It was called like this thanks to abundant thickets of juniper, covering its slopes. It is located 45 km from the capital of Kyrgyzstan, in the central part of the Kyrgyz Range of Tien Shan Mountains. The northern boundary of the district Ala-Archa is the mountains height of 1600 to 1800 m. Summer in the Valley is cool and damp, average temperature is 12 °, maximum is 27-30 °. The warmest month is August. The spring months are mainly accompanied by precipitation and fog. Autumn in the area of the camp is warm and clear. The maximum temperature on September is 25 °, and the minimum -2,5 °. In October, the first snow falls here. Winter in Ala-Archa is cold enough. It happens that the temperature in February is raised to 0° and above. In the Ala-Archa gor...

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Shorobashat
Published: 09 september 2013

  Kyrgyzstan is a country with a rich history. There are more than 5000 architectural monuments of historical significance on its territory. Kara-Daria, Kosh-Bulak, Djanybazaeskiy and Shorobashat settlements were built in IV-I centuries BC.   The ruins of a big settlement Shorobashat are located between Uzgen and Jalal-Abad. It has an area of 70 hectares (1400х500m). Shorobashat is surrounded by a barrier with a length of 3 km and height of 6 m. Settlement consists of four fortified parts: religious complex, refuge, citadel and military camp. The size of the fortress-citadel is about 250х300 metres, it has trapezoid shape. During excavations there were found remains of some farmhouses on the territory of the settlement. The western part of the citadel served as a refuge for the local people where they hid during the attack of enemies. The military camp was different from all th...

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Kyrgyz National clothing
Published: 02 september 2013

  The main emphasis in the creation of Kyrgyz National clothing is the heat preserving. Winter clothing was made on the basis of cotton, furs of wild animals and felt. It is known that the Kyrgyz people have worked on the land since ancient times, but the most of them led nomadic life, so the traditional Kyrgyz clothing is inherent features of nomad’s clothing.   Outdoor clothes is mainly was made of wool pets, but the most popular clothing was made of raccoon, sable and fox skin. There was a difference between ordinary people and rich people. Clothing of poor people was made from calico, while the clothing of rich people was made from silk, velvet and brocade.   The traditional men’s costume consisted of shirt (koynek) and trousers (shym). The shirt “zhegde” was sewn from calico; the length was below the knee. Men began to wear this type of clothin...

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Arslanbob
Published: 20 august 2013

  One of the famous and sacred places in Central Asia is mountain settlement Arslanbob. This picturesque place is famous for its walnut-fruit forests, located on the south of Kyrgyzstan, its area is 608,000 hectares.   Arslanbob is at an altitude of 1,500 metres above sea level. 130 species of trees and bushes grow in this amazingly beautiful place: walnut, apple, currants, pistachios, almonds, and many others. The main attraction of Arslanbob is walnut. Some of these trees bear fruits up to 400 kg per year.   Downhill skiing and tourism are well-developed here. There are many sunny days in winter. It is fabulous and picturesque place is famous for beautiful waterfalls, caves and sacred lakes.   On the way to Dashman (3 kilometres from Arslanbob), you can visit the waterfall Chiltan. Its water falls from a height of 30-35 metre. Here you can also take a tour to the Gr...

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Tash-Rabat - caravanseray
Published: 20 august 2013

  Tash-Rabat is one of the few stone buildings in Atbashin region of Kyrgyzstan. It was built in the 10thcentury BC. Originally Tash-Rabat was like a monastery, which was founded by the monks. There are very few buildings and structures of stone in Central Asia. One of them is the Tash-Rabat.   In 1980 architectural and archaeological structure of Tash-Rabat was well studied. It is a rectangle of 35.7 x 33.7 m with several domes, inside of which there is a large central hall and 31 rooms located around the room, topped with 20 domes and arches. The central hall’s floor is revetted with flat stone; the floor of other rooms is covered with nothing. Deep holes were found in some rooms, the depth of one of them is 2.7 metre and a diameter is 0.9 metre.   It is still a mystery who built Tash-Rabat. According to the history, a caravanserai was built by a local ruler Mohamm...

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Son-Kul Lake
Published: 12 june 2013

  Highland Lake Son-Kul is located between the ridges Sonkultau and Moldotau at an altitude 3016 m above sea level. It is the largest natural fresh reservoir of Kyrgyzstan, its area is 278 square kilometers, and the average depth is 8.6 m, a maximum is about 14 m, the length of the lake is 28 km. The shores of the lake are low, sometimes overgrown with reeds.   There are valuable species of fish and 69 different species of birds. The lake is home to valuable species of fish and 69 different species of birds. Depending on the weather, the water in the lake Son-Kul is painted in different colors - purple, blue, yellow, or orange. Unlike other lakes there are no trees. Here you can enjoy a variety of bright and rare species of flowers. There are such carnivores as wolves, foxes and snow leopards on the banks of the lake.   The bottom of the lake is rocky, covered with algae. ...

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